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MANCHESTER FAMILY HISTORY RESEARCH
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TRANSPORT IN THE MANCHESTER AREA AND BEYOND IN 1820
LONG before the
advent of the railways
directories contained an abundance of information including transport
details. Pigot and Deans Manchester and Salford Trade Directory for
1819-20 list the following modes of transport: Carriers by Land; Duke of
Bridgewater's canal; Passage Boats; Mersey and Irwell Navigation;
CARRIERS BY LAND
This is a breakdown
of all the routes out of
Northwich, Middlewich and Namptwich (sic) - John Warburton, 29 Withy Grove, Tuesday, Thursday
and Saturday. N. B. Forwards goods to
Altrincham, Knutsford, Middlewich, Sandbach, and Namptwich - John Glover, Pack Horse, Apple-market, every Friday.
Altrincham, Northwich &c. - John Collins, Toad-lane, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Ashton-under-line (sic) - William Thomas, seven stars, Withy-grove, every day.
Barnsley and Doncaster - J. Kenworthy, Star-yard, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Bacup - James Eastwood, Lower Turk's Head, Shudehill, Thursday and Saturday.
Birmingham, Bristol &c. - J and W Ashmore's (late Twiss) Fly Waggons, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, from the warehouse, Star-yard.
Blackburn - John Kershaw, 8 York-street, every day.
Blackpool - J. Hargreaves, 7 Bridge-street, every day.
Bolton, Blackburn, and places adjacent - Thomas Smith, Windmill-yard, every day.
Bolton - John Hargreaves, 7 Bridge-street, every day.
Burnley and Colne - James Smith, Church-street, Tuesday and Friday.
Burnley, Colne, Gisburn, Clithero, Long Preston, &c. - Jas. Pate, 5 York-street, Tuesday and Friday.
Burnley and Colne - Lawrence Smith, Church-street, Tuesday.
Burnley and Colne, &c. - Thomas Thornber, Dale-street, Tuesday.
Bury - John Grundy, from the Buck, Hanging-ditch, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Bury and Wormersley - Richard Spencer, from the Bear's Head, Hanging-ditch, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Bury - John Kenyon, from the Bear's Head, Hanging-ditch, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Cambridge and Norwich, &c. - T. & W. Beardsall and Co, Dale-street, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Carlisle and all parts of the North - John Hargreaves, 7 Bridge-street, every day.
Chester and North Wales - J. Kenworthy, Star-yard, every day.
Chester, Wrexham, Oswestry, and all parts of North Wales - James Moss, 20 Fountain-street, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at rates very little exceeding water carriage.
Chesterfield, Mansfield and Worksop - G. Potter, Dale-street, every day.
Chorley, Preston, Lancaster, &c. - Samuel Milnes, 5 York-street, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Colne - John Elliott, Three Crowns, Cock-gates, Tuesday.
Congleton - D. Galley, from W. Reynold's warehouse, Oak-street, Tuesday.
Cromford ,Wirksworth, and all parts of Derbyshire - J. Mart and Job Hodgkinson, 45 Church-street, Thursday.
Dobcross, Saddleworth - Henry Briarley, from the White Lion, Thomas's-street, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at two o'clock in the afternoon.
Edinburgh, through Preston, Lancaster, Kendal, Carlisle, &c. - J. Hargreaves, 7 Bridge-street, every day.
Flixton - George Royle, from Bush Inn, Deansgate, Tuesday and Saturday.
Gisburn, Clithero, Long Preston, Skipton, &c. - J. Shillito and Son, (late Hartley) from W. Reynold's warehouse, Oak-street, Tuesday and Friday.
Glasgow through Preston, Lancaster, Kendal, & Carlisle - J. Hargreaves, 7 Bridge-street, daily.
Greenacres Moor - Abraham Lees, from Lower Turks Head, Shudehill. (No other information given).
Halifax, Leeds, York and Hull - James Holland and Co (late N. Hallowell and Co), bottom of King's-street, every day.
Halifax and Bradford - Carver, Hartley and Co, Portland-place, daily,
Heyside - M. Mellor, from Lower Turk's Head, Shudehill, Thursday and Saturday.
Heywood - Samuel Richardson, Three Crowns, Cock-gate, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
High Crompton - James Mills and Joseph Wolfenden, from Lower Turk's Head, Shudehill, Thursday and Saturday.
Huddersfield - C. Stott, from bottom of King's-street, Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
Huddersfield, Wakefield, Leeds, & York - George Starkie, from W. Reynold's warehouse, Oak-street, every day.
Huddersfield, Barnsley, Wakefield, Doncaster, &c. - W. Ridsdale, 5 York-street, every day.
Hull - by Post Waggons (sic) - Carver, Hartley and Co., Portland-place, every day; and also to the North and East of Yorkshire and Scotland.
Lancaster, Kendal, Carlisle, &c., - John Hargreaves, 7 Bridge-street, every day.
Leeds, York, Hull, Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Edinburgh, &c. - by Post Waggons - carver, Hartley and Co., Portland-place, every day.
Leeds, York, Hull, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, &c., - Carver, Scott &Cco.,7 Dale-street, every day.
Leeds, York, Hull, Edinburgh and Glasgow - Widow Welsh and Sons, Ducie-street, every day. N. B. Forward goods to all parts of North Britain, by the regular carriers.
Leek, Ashburn, Derby, and Leicester - T. & M. Pickford's waggons, from their warehouse near St Peter's, every day.
Liverpool - John Kenworthy, Star-yard, every day.
Liverpool - Silas Swain, Scholes-street, every day.
Liverpool - J. Moss, 20 Fountain-street, every day, in sixteen hours, at rates very little exceeding water carriage.
London and the South of England - T. & M. Pickford's caravans, daily from their warehouse near St Peter's, in thirty six hours; office Marsden-square.
London, and the South and West of England - W. and G. Wakeman, 20 Fountain-street.
London, Liverpool, and all parts of Lancashire, Cheshire, and North Wales - Higginson and Co. from the Star-yard, Deansgate.
Macclesfield, &c. - J. Gatley, 45 Church-street, every day.
Macclesfield, Leek, and Congleton - Joseph Bennett, from 20 Fountain-street, every day.
Marple-bridge - James Platt, Flying Horse, Market-street, Tuesday.
Middleton - Robert Lees, Three crowns, Cock-gates, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
Mottram-in-Longdendale - Wm Sidebottom, Seven Stars, Withy-grove, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Northwich, and all other intermediate places - J. & I. Chorlton, Sugar-lane. Tuesday, Thursday, & Saturday.
Northwich, Tarporley, and Nantwich, &c. - John Maxon, 7 Bridge-street, Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday.
Northwich, Knutsford, Middlewich, Namptwich, Sandbach, &c. - Samuel Dean, from the Bush Inn, Deansgate, every Saturday.
Norwich, Yarmouth, Bury, Cambridge, &c. - T. and W. Beardsall and Co. Dale-street, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday and arrive in Cambridge in seven days.
Nottingham through Chapel-in-le-Frith (sic), Chesterfield, and Mansfield - James and Robert Hibberson, Church-street, every day. N. B. Forward goods to Gainsborough, Market Raisin, Louth, Brigg, Lincoln, Boston and all parts of Lincolnshire, Nottingshire, Huntingdonshire, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Suffolk.
Nottingham, Derby Ashburn, and all parts adjacent - Silas Swain, Scholes-street, Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday.
Oldham - William Knott, from 37 High-street, every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Ormskirk, Wigan, Prescot, St Helen's, Upholland, Chorley, Leyland and Croston - Edward and James Green, Bridge-street, every night, arrive at Wigan every morning and go to Ormskirk every Tuesday.
Preston, Lancaster, Kendal, Carlisle, Edinburgh, and Glasgow - Widow Welsh and Sons, Ducie-street, every day.
Prestwich - George Whitehead, Pack horse, Apple-market, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Quick, Saddleworth - Wm. Whitehead, from Seven Stars, Withy-grove, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Radcliffe - Walker Hampson, from the White Horse, Hanging-ditch, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Rochdale - Jonathan Mellor, from Lower Turk's Head, Shudehill, Thursday and Saturday.
Rotherham, Barnsley, &c. - Joseph Harrison, Dale-street, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
Royton - James Franklin, from Lower Turk's Head, Shudehill, Thursday and Saturday.
Saddleworth, &c. - Robert Hadfield, from the White Lion, Thomas-street, Tuesday and Saturday.
Shaw Chapel - E. Travis, from Lowe Turk's Head, Shudehill, Thursday and Saturday.
Sheffield, Rotherham, Doncaster, Thorn, Hull, and all parts of Lincolnshire; also to Newark, Grantham, Stamford, Huntingdon, Cambridge, Bury St. Edmunds, Norwich and all parts of Norfolk and Suffolk. - R. Moss, York-street, every day.
Sheffield, Rotherham, Doncaster, Thorn, Hull, and all parts of Lincolnshire; also to Newark, Grantham, Stamford, Huntingdon, Cambridge, Bury St. Edmunds, Norwich and all parts of Norfolk and Suffolk. - John Johnson and Son, Mayes-street, back of Hanover-street, every day.
Sheffield, Chesterfield, Mansfield, &c. - James and Robert Hibberson, Church-street, every day. Also every Monday, Wednesday and Saturday evening by way of Nottingham, Melton-Mowbray, Oakham and Stamford; and then by Ashby, through Stilton and Huntingdon to Cambridge, where they arrive the Saturday following, and forward goods the same day, by Marsh and Sons, to Bury, Norwich, and all parts of Norfolk and Suffolk.
Sheffield, Rotherham, and Chesterfield - Matthew Johnson, York-street, every day. Also Doncaster, Retford, Newark, Grantham, Cambridge, Norwich, and all parts of Norfolk and Suffolk.
Shrewsbury, Ludlow and Leominster - John Maxom, 7 Bridge-street, every Tuesday, Friday and Saturday, through Nantwich, Whitchurch, Salop, Church Stretton, and Ludlow, to Leominster. N. B. Goods are regularly forwarded to Hereford, Brecon, Carmarthen, and South Wales.
Sowerby - William Greenwood, Three Crowns, Cockgates Tuesday.
Soyland - John Bamford, Three Crowns, Cockgates, Tuesday.
Stayley-Bridge - Arnold Swallow, from the White Lion, Thomas-street, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoon.
Stockport, Chapel-en-le-Frith, Castleton, &c. - Joseph Howe, from the Black Swan, Smithy-door, Wednesday morning.
Stockport - Mary Arnold, Meal-street, every day, Sunday excepted.
Stockport - George Cheetham, Palace-street, every day.
Todmorden and Hebden Bridge - James Veevers, from James-street, Thomas-street, every Tuesday and Saturday.
Warrington - James Moss, 20 Fountain-street, in six hours, at rates very little exceeding water carriage.
Waterhead Mill - Matthew driver, from the lower Turk's Head, Shudehill, Thursday and Saturday.
Whalley and Clithero - Richard Smithson, from Johnson's warehouse, Mayes-street, Friday.
THE story of the construction of the Manchester Ship canal has been well documented, but perhaps that is not the case with other earlier projects. Some of us may have studied Economic Social History in the dark and distant past.
The Romans improved transport by using wheeled carriages and building roads and bridges, but they did not go any further, as they did in East Anglia and in some southern places. The first canalisation on the river Mersey was the deepening and straightening of the tidal flow below Warrington which enabled small seagoing boats to get to the town at high tide and thus allowed access to the main road between London and Scotland. Later came work on the fords at Warrington so that barges could reach the slower, deeper stretches of the river which went up to the Irwell. Other more minor improvements of the banks, jetties and locks were carried out over time. There is a tale in history in 1745 that a Warrington ship carried the news that Bonny Prince Charlie had landed in the Hebrides to the people of England.
The first modern waterway in west Lancashire was planned to carry coal from St Helen's to Warrington. This was in 1755. It was envisaged that the Sankey Brook could be widened and deepened, but the problems that were encountered many years later on Chat Moss proved too difficult to solve. Therefore the engineer, James Brindley cut a fresh channel nearly all the way. So instead of flowing into the Mersey, the channel continued on the Lancashire side of the river past Fiddler's Ferry, where a lock connected it to the river, to Widnes, where it becomes tidal. The distance between Widnes and St Helen's is thirteen miles with ten locks. This is a true canal.
The next major scheme in the area was a result of the Mersey and Irwell Navigation Company overcharging a coal mine owner for transporting of his coal to market. This coal mine owner was the Duke of Bridgewater. He first met Brindley in July 1759 at Worsley Old Hall. Soon after an a Act of Parliament was drafted for a water channel to be cut from Worsley to Salford and then on to the Mersey. This involved the construction of stone aqueduct at Barton, six hundred feet long and thirty six feet wide using a system of arches, in order to cross the River Irwell without the use of locks. It had to be high enough to allow traffic on the Irwell below to pass under without impediment. To prevent leaks Brindley used puddled clay and lined the aqueduct with lime cement.
In July 1761 the aqueduct was filled for the first time and when it was fully in operation helped to halve the coast of transporting the Duke's coal. Eventually the canal was extended from Stretford to Runcorn and had several branch canals to various coal mines. The waterways soon became a financial success and sparked a flurry of canal construction by other people.
If you have an interest in canals perhaps you would like to visit the The Shropshire Union Fly-Boat Project (see links page).
DUKE OF BRIDGEWATER'S CANAL
This is a list of the Agents and boat owners operating on the above canal and listing their routes to all parts of the country. Goods were conveyed by the Duke's Flats from Castle Quay, every day, to Liverpool, and the adjacent and intermediate places.
Thomas Pittard, Manchester. Thomas Guest, Preston Brook. John Owen, Liverpool. Samuel Meacock, Runcorn. Thomas Halliwell, Altrincham. E. Jackson, Worsley. Thomas Eaton, Stockton Quay. J Pickup, coal wharfinger, Worsley.
WORTHINGTON & GILBERT'S BOATS, Severn warehouse, Knot-mill, convey goods regularly to Birmingham, Stourport, Worcester, Gloucester, Bristol and all parts of the West of England and South Wales.
THOMAS BACHE, Castle Quay, conveys goods regularly by Fly Boats, from Manchester to Tamworth, Atherstone, Hinckley, Lutterworth, Nuneaton, Coventry, Warwick, London, &c. Henry Proctor , agent.
THOMAS AND MATTHEW PICKFORD AND Co's. Fly Boats sail every day from their warehouse, near Oxford-street, and convey goods with the greatest dispatch to Stoke, Uttoxter, Rugely, Litchfield, Fazeley, Tamworth, Atherstone, Hinckley, Lutterworth, Leicester, Nuneaton, Coton, Bedford, Warwick, all parts of Northamptonshire, bath, Bristol, Cirencester, Tedbury, Sodbury, Worth-leach, Burton-on-the-Water, Dodmonstone, Stowe-in-the-Would, Norton-in-marsh, London, and places adjacent
CROCKET AND SALKELD'S, boats from Bridgewater-street Warehouse, convey goods to Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Walsall, Dudley, Stafford, Newport, Wellington, Stone, Newcastle, Eccleshall, the Potteries, Rugely, Litchfield, Bromley, Tamworth, Fazeley, Coleshill, Warwick, Stratford, Alcester, Evesham, Bromsgrove, &c. and by connection with respectable carriers, forward goods to Oxford, Chipping-Norton, Banbury, London, and all parts of the South of England.
JOHN MOSLEY'S BOATS, from Castle-field Warehouse, conveys goods, to Wheelock, Nantwich, &c. every day.
HENSHALL, MOSS AND CO'S, boats from Castle-field Warehouse t, conveys goods to Middlewich and the neighbourhood, every day.
MANLEY AND CO'S, boats from Castle-quay, convey goods to Chester, Montgomeryshire, Shropshire, Holywell, and north and South Wales, every Wednesday and Saturday. Samuel Edwards, agent.
SOREBY AND FLACK'S, BOATS FROM Castle-field, convey goods to Derby, Leicester, Nottingham, Newark, Lincoln, gains borough, and all adjacent and intermediate places, every day, and Fly Boats every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Humphrey Smith, agent.
COFFIELD AND CO'S, flats from Castle-field Warehouse, convey goods to Chester, Shropshire and Montgomeryshire, Wednesday and Saturday.
TUNLEY AND BEST'S, boats from Castle-field Warehouse, convey goods to Staffordshire, Burton, &c,
HIGGINSON AND CO'S, Fly Boats from Castle-field warehouse, conveys goods to London, daily.
HEALH, TYLER AND DANK'S (sic) (late H. Henshall and Co.), carriers by water to Middlewich, Newcastle, Leek, Uttoxeter, Rocester, Cheadle, Eccleshall, Stone, Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Dudley, Stourbridge, Kidderminster, and Stourport; from whence goods are expeditiously forwarded by responsible connections on the River Severn, &c., to Bewdley, Bridgnorth, Coalbrook-dale, Worcester, Gloucester, Bristol, bath, and all parts of the West of England, &c. William Leigh, agent.
JAMES SUTTON AND SHARDLOW BOAT COMPANY, from castle-field Warehouse, to Derby, Loughborough, Leicester, Nottingham, Newark, &c. William Toplis, agent.
TURNER, JOHNSON AND CO's. Fly Boats, to London, every day, from the Grand Junction Canal Warehouse, East-street, St. Peter's; and from Rochdale Canal Warehouse, to Sowerby-bridge, Halifax, &c. every day.
MARSDENS, HARTLEY AND Co's. Fly Boats, from Piccadilly Wharf, to London, Liverpool, &c. every day.
THE MANCHESTER GROCERS' COMPANY vessels sail every day to and from Castle-Quay, Manchester, and the Grocers' Company Wharf, parade, Liverpool, by which conveyance goods are forwarded, with utmost dispatch. Mark Nightingale, agent.
CROWLEY, LAYLAND AND HICKLING'S. Boats from Castle-field, convey goods to Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Dudley, Stourbridge, Oxford, &c. Samuel Bache, agent.
SNELL, ROBINS AND SNELL'S. Boats from Manchester to London, and all parts adjacent and intermediate, Castle-field, and 5 York-street.
WILLIAM AND GEORGE WAKEMAN'S. Fly Boats to and from London every day, (Sunday excepted) from the Albion-mill Wharf, Great Bridgewater-street, and at 20 Fountain-street.
JOHN WHITEHOUSE AND SONS'. Boats to Dudley, Wolverhampton, Birmingham, Worcester, Bristol, &c. Castle-field Wharf, and at 20 Fountain-street.
HEAP, LAW AND HEAP'S Boats to Liverpool and Rochdale, Rochdale Canal-office, Dale-street.
VARLEY, HOLT AND Co's. Boats to Sowerby-bridge, Wakefield, Leeds, Liverpool, &c. Rochdale Canal-office, Dale-street.
JAMES VEEVER'S Boats to Luddenden-foot, Hebden-bridge, Todmorden, every Tuesday afternoon, Rochdale Canal-wharf, Dale-street.
Two elegant Passage-boats, RICHARD HAMPSON and JAMES PARKINSON, Masters, for passengers and their luggage only, go alternately from Manchester to Runcorn, in Cheshire, one of which leaves Castle-quay, Manchester, every morning at eight o'clock; passes Altrincham at 10 o'clock, London-ridge, near Warrington, at one; 9where coaches meet it to convey passengers to Warrington and Liverpool); passes Preston-Brook, near Frodsham, at three, (where a stage-coach meets it to convey passengers to Chester), and arrives at five in the evening.
One leaves Runcorn every morning at ten o'clock; passes Preston-Brook at eleven o'clock, (where it takes passengers from the Chester coach); passes London-bridge at one o'clock, (where it takes passengers from the Liverpool and Warrington coaches); passes Altrincham at four o'clock, and arrives at Castle-quay, Manchester, at six o'clock in the evening.
Another passage boat, THOMAS WOOD, Master, sets off from London-bridge, near Warrington, every Saturday morning at five o'clock, and brings passengers to Manchester market, passes Lymn at six o'clock, Altrincham at eight o'clock, and arrives at Manchester at ten o'clock; it returns the same evening at four o'clock, arrives at Altrincham at six o'clock, Lymn at eight o'clock, and London-bridge at nine o'clock.
Another passage-boat, ADAM OLDFIELD, Master, from 29th September to the 25th March, leaves Worsley at half past seven o'clock in the morning, and arrives at Manchester at ten o'clock; returns at half past four o'clock, and arrives at Worsley at seen o'clock the same evening; and from the 25th March to the 29th September, leaves Worley at seven o'clock in the morning, and arrives at Manchester at nine o'clock; returns at ten o'clock, and arrives at Worsley at half past twelve o'clock. Also, at three o'clock, (except Sunday, and on that day at four o'clock), and arrives at Manchester at five o'clock; returns to Worsley at half past five o'clock, where it arrives at eight o'clock. The above boat goes to Leigh every Monday night; leaves Leigh at six o'clock on Tuesday morning, and returns to Leigh the same evening.
An extra boat for the summer season, from Manchester to Altrincham, and further if required, sets out every Sunday morning at eight o'clock, leaves Altrincham at six o'clock, and arrives at Manchester at eight the same evening. JOHN BLEASE, Master.
MERSEY AND IRWELL NAVIGATION
Office at the Old Quay , Water-street. Thomas Lingard, agent.
Goods are conveyed by the Company of proprietors of this navigation daily, (Sundays excepted) to and from Manchester and Liverpool, and the intermediate places, with the greatest dispatch and safety, and forwarded by canal or land carriage, to Ashton, Oldham, Stockport, Rochdale, Leeds, Huddersfield, Halifax, Wakefield, Sheffield, and al parts of Yorkshire.
Sloops or vessels having cargoes to forward by this navigation, are admitted fee of dockage into the canal at Runcorn, to discharge their cargoes into the Company's vessels plying on their navigation, as also into their newly erected West Dock, Old Quay, Liverpool.
Elegant and commodious packet-boats, for passengers and their luggage, sail every morning to and from Manchester and Runcorn. The Liverpool Coaches meet the packet at Warrington; and there is a new and commodious steam packet at Runcorn, which meets the Company's packets for conveyance of passengers, &c. to and from Liverpool. Private rooms, for the accommodation of parties, may be engaged for the day.
The following tables shews the time of sailing and arrival of the packets at Manchester, Warrington, and Runcorn, both in summer and winter.
The Committee meet at the Old Quay Office , Manchester, the first Wednesday in the month, for the dispatch of business.
Shipper at Manchester, John Barber.
Agent at Liverpool, William Guyton.
Agent at Warring ton, James Dawson.
Agent at Runcorn, Samuel Wylde.
This Company also [has] carriers upon the Manchester, Bolton, and Bury canal and convey goods to all parts on the line, and forward o by other carriers to places beyond its limits; viz. Chorley, Blackburn, Haslingden, &c. Joseph Addison, agent, Canal Warehouse, Oldfield-road, Salford, and bottom of King-street.
MANCHESTER AND BOLTON PASSAGE BOATS
N.B. the time is
strictly observed, being regulated by
Goods, &c. delivered at Buck and Hawthorn St Ann's, Manchester; Boat House, Oldfield-lane, Salford; Boat House, Church-wharf, Bolton, will be immediately forwarded.
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Last update: 15th February 2017